Stefanie Tan is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the North American Observatory for Health Systems and Policy in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto. She specialises in health financing, outcomes-based contracts and comparative health policy. Previous to this, she was an independent research consultant based in Toronto, Canada and a Research Fellow in the Policy Innovation Research Unit at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine for a decade. Her research has focused on Social Impact Bonds, a novel variant of pay for performance funding using outcomes-based contracting, and incentives for innovation in the biopharma sector to combat antimicrobial resistance (AMR). She has also worked in the WHO’s Department of Health Financing Policy and in the non-profit sector overseeing community development and health promotion projects.